THERE would be no glorious bursting forth of nature at Easter-time without the cyclic journey of the Sun.
The Sun-cycle ushers springtime into the world above the equator, and the ancients regarded this as the reincarnation season of the year.
The celebration of Ēoestre or Ostara is an old pagan festival, and is the origin of the word Easter.
She is the goddess who symbolized the dawn, the warm Spring sun, the resurrection of Spirit in Earth, and much more.
“Just as there is a real Christmas—the time of winter solstice, explains the Theosophy School text, The Eternal Verities, The Easter Lesson (251):—
“there is a real Easter, a Sun-cycle, the time of the Vernal Equinox.”
In the legend, when the beautiful Goddess Ēoestre saw all this wonderful work of hers, she said: “Hereafter, every year I will have one day called Easter, after me. That day, all shall celebrate the awakening of Life from its winter sleep. Then shall all people be joyous and glad, and give each other eggs as gifts,
for the Egg shall be my symbol. So it is fitting, for all Life is first within the egg.”
The art of the decorated egg in Ukraine, or the pysanka, dates back to ancient times. Pysanky is a 4,000 year old tradition. No actual ancient examples exist, as eggshells are fragile.
Goddesses related to Ostara were known in ancient cultures around the Mediterranean, and were celebrated in the springtime: Aphrodite from Cyprus, Astarte from Phoenicia, Demeter from Mycenae, Hathor from Egypt, Ishtar from Assyria, and Kali from India.
The Pysanka are perhaps some of the most impressive egg designs of Easter. These Ukrainian treasures (examples here) are hollowed-out eggs decorated with traditional Ukrainian folk designs.
For additional detailed information
A Sacred Symbol
The Norse were not the only peoples that exchanged colored eggs at the time of Vernal Equinox. The Egyptians regarded them as sacred symbols, and hung them in their temples. (See: Ancient History Encyclopedia)
The cosmos in the form of an egg was the most widely diffused belief of antiquity. In the egg is Life, which is Light, and from the One white light come all the colors.
“The Egg was incorporated as a sacred sign in the cosmogony of every people on the Earth,” writes H. P. Blavatsky in The Secret Doctrine,
“and was revered both on account of its form and its inner mystery.”
“From a latent ‘nothing’ was produced an active something, needing only heat,” she says. “Gradually evolving and breaking its own shell, the creature appeared to be a self-generated, and a self-created being.”
“This must have been a standing miracle from the beginning!”
“The gradual development of the invisible germ within the closed shell, the inward working, without any apparent outward interference of force, symbolized the origin and secret of Being.”
“If an egg is broken by an outside force, life ends. If broken by an inside force, life begins. Great things always begin from the inside.”
“The secret teaching explains the reason for this reverence by the Symbolism of the prehistoric races. The “First Cause” had no name in the beginnings. Later it was pictured in the fancy of the thinkers as an ever invisible, mysterious Bird that dropped an Egg into Chaos, which Egg becomes the Universe. Hence Brahm was called Kalahansa, “the swan in (Space and) Time.” He became the “Swan of Eternity,” who lays at the beginning of each Mahamanvantara a “Golden Egg.”
“It typifies the great Circle, or O, itself a symbol for the universe and its spherical bodies.”
In the symbolism of ancient thinkers, the Universe was produced by an Egg dropped into Chaos by an ever invisible, mysterious Bird called Kalahansa, “the swan in (Space and) Time.”
“As a Circle and a Sphere, the Golden Egg was chosen as the symbolic representation of the Universe, and of our earth, and the ovi-form shape of our globe must have been known from the beginning of symbology, since it was so universally adopted.”
An Easter Song
(Theosophy School Songbook)
“Life laughs in bud and bloom
from out the bough,
‘Tis Easter now!
The Sun his golden journey makes
In circle wide across the sky.
O, Radiance, teach us how
To mirror in our eyes the gleam,
To let shine forth the Light we dream,
This Easter now!”
The pysanky have been found in many sites, and fragments have been discovered in the graves of both children and adults.
Modern Expressions of Neolithic Designs
The Trypillian Neolithic culture flourished in central and western Ukraine between 5400 BC and 2700 BC. Its pottery designs (and colors) have been adapted by modern pysanka artists. While these are traditional Ukrainian designs, they are traditional pottery designs.
Beautifully and intricately designed. Ostrich egg pysanky have become common in Ukraine in the last few years; the eggs are obtained from the Askania-Nova reserve in the Kherson region, a huge open-air animal preserve.
The first manifestation of the Cosmos in the form of an egg was the most widely diffused belief of antiquity. It was a symbol adopted among the Greeks, the Syrians, Persians, and Egyptians.
In an Egyptian Ritual, Seb, the god of Time and of the Earth, is spoken of as having laid an egg, or the Universe, “an egg conceived at the hour of the great one of the Dual Force.”
“At the 5000 year old Loughcrew megalithic cairn T in Ireland, the rising sun on the mornings around the equinoxes (March and September) illuminate the passage and chamber.
In the video below the inner illumination by the sun in the chamber during the Spring Equinox has been compressed from 50 minutes to 40 seconds.
“The backstone of the chamber with its engraved sun symbols is bathed in a blaze of golden light during the 50 minute illumination. The sunbeam moves from the backstone to the sill stone and the stones in the main chamber.”
“The ancient sun-worshipers regarded the Great Spirit as a nature-god, identical with nature,” writes H. P. Blavatsky in Isis Unveiled, “and the sun as the deity, ‘in whom the Lord of life dwells.’ The sun is the source of the souls and of all life.”
The Living Universe
Duane Elgin’s The Living Universe explores a new paradigm that is vital for building a sustainable future; namely, a shift from regarding the universe as fragmented and dead to seeing it as unified and alive.
Universal Egg Symbols
With the Greeks the “Orphic Egg” is described by Aristophanes, and was part of the Dionysiac and other mysteries.
With the Egyptians, “Ra” is shown, like the Hindu Brahma, gestating in the Egg of the Universe.
The Mundane Egg
Its consecration and significance was explained by Porphyry who called it a representation of the world.
(All the above collated from The Secret Doctrine 1:359)
Change to a Consciousness
Environmental and social justice activist Julia Butterfly Hill explains that when we act from a consciousness of oneness we make mindful decisions that consider the whole rather than just ourselves.
Goddess of Spring
The names Oestre or Eastre, mean “movement towards the rising sun,” and in Germany and the Norse lands is named Ostara.
As a solar deity, Ostara is celebrated on March 21st at the Spring Equinox, because the days are brighter and growing longer.
She is a goddess of the dawn and the spring, and her name derives from words for dawn, the shining light arising from the east.
(Our words for the female hormone “estrogen” derives from her name.)
Universe: A Living System
Duane Elgin is an internationally recognized speaker, author, and social visionary who looks beneath the surface turbulence of our times to explore the deeper trends that are transforming our world.
“The human body is made up of 50-100 trillion cells differentiated into many integrated communities (that we call organs) collaborating harmoniously to create a whole human being,” Elgin says:
“Imagine that each of the seven billion humans on our planet is a cell in a whole body of humanity, each with its own function and gift.”
“Ostara is a fertility Goddess, the northern counterpart of Astarte and Ishtar. She is associated with the Moon, with eggs, Dawn, and the East – all symbolizing her primary qualities of bringing birth, rebirth and renewal to a winter-weary world.
“She is originally associated with the Hare. Unlike rabbits, hare babies are born fully furred, with their eyes open.”
“The word Easter evidently comes from Ostara, the Scandinavian goddess of spring. She was the symbol of the resurrection of all nature and was worshipped in early spring. Eggs were symbolical from an early time.
“It was a custom with the pagan Norsemen at that time to exchange coloured eggs called the eggs of Ostara. These have now become Easter-Eggs.”
As in many ancient cultures, Ukrainians worshipped a sun god (Dazhboh). The sun was important – it warmed the earth and thus was a source of all life.
Eggs decorated with nature symbols became an integral part of spring rituals, serving as benevolent talismans.
In pre-Christian times, Dazhboh was one of the main deities in the Slavic pantheon; birds were the sun god’s chosen creations, for they were the only ones who could get near him.
Humans could not catch the birds, but they did manage to obtain the eggs the birds laid. Thus, the eggs were magical objects, a source of life.
With the advent of Christianity, via a process of religious syncretism, the symbolism of the egg was changed to represent, not nature’s rebirth, but the rebirth of man. Christian religious teachings embraced the egg symbol but likened it to the tomb from which Christ arose.
Christian or Pagan?
Acharya was a scholar classically educated in archaeology, history, mythology and languages. Acharya specialized in religion and mythology, critiquing and comparing them, and providing unique insights into their origins.
Although born into a Christian (Congregationalist Protestant) family, Acharya did not subscribe to any particular religion, nor was she a hardcore “atheist.”
As a leading researcher and an expert in the field of comparative mythology, Acharya S. (D.M. Murdock), was made a fellow of the Committee of Scientific Examination or Religion, which examines the connections between religious belief and our ancient connection with the Sun.
“Acharya was also a member of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, Greece, and spoke Greek, French, Spanish, Italian, German and Portuguese.
“Acharya will challenge your beliefs, if you have had any form of religious upbringing, but if you watch and listen closely and add the dots together you will see that her conclusions have a solid [and Theosophical] grounding.”
Mundane Egg Myths
With the acceptance of Christianity in 988, the decorated pysanka, in time, was adapted to play an important role in Ukrainian rituals of the new religion.
Many symbols of the old sun worship survived and were adapted to represent Easter and Christ’s Resurrection.
The Christ Sun
“As expressed in Asgard And The Gods: ‘Christianity put another meaning on the old custom, by connecting it with the feast of the Resurrection of the Saviour,
“…who, like the hidden life in the egg, slept in the grave for three days before he awakened to new life.”
“This was the more natural,” Blavatsky writes in the Theosophical Glossary (Easter), “since Christ was identified with that same Spring Sun which awakens in all his glory, after the dreary and long death of winter.
“There was the ‘Mundane Egg’, in which Brahma gestated, with the Hindus the Hiranya-Gharba, and the Mundane Egg of the Egyptians, which proceeds from the mouth of the ‘unmade and eternal deity,’ Kneph, and which is the emblem of generative power.
“The Egg of Babylon, which hatched Ishtar, and was said to have fallen from heaven into the Euphrates.
“Eggs were symbolical from an early time. There was the “Mundane Egg”, in which Brahmâ gestated, with the Hindus the Hiranya-Gharba, and the Mundane Egg of the Egyptians, which proceeds from the mouth of the ‘unmade and eternal deity,’ Kneph, and which is the emblem of generative power. Therefore coloured eggs were used yearly during spring in almost every country.
“In Egypt they were exchanged as sacred symbols in the spring-time, which was, is, and ever will be, the emblem of birth or rebirth, cosmic and human, celestial and terrestrial.”
“They were hung up in Egyptian temples and are so suspended to this day in Mahometan mosques.”
– H. P. Blavatsky